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E

Investment and Trading Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P  Q  R S T U V W X Y Z

 

E

EARNED INCOME

Income derived from active participation in a trade or business, including wages, salary, trips, commissions and bonuses.

EARNED SURPLUS

See retained earnings.

EARNINGS PER SHARE (EPS)

A corporation´s net income available for common stock divided by its number of shares of common stock outstanding.

EPS

See Earnings per share.

EQ

See equity.

EQUITY (EQ)

1.  The ownership interest of common and preferred stockholders in a corporation.

2.  In a margin or short account, equity equals what is owned minus what is owed.

EQUITY SECURITY

A security representing ownership in a corporation or other enterprise. Examples of equity securities includes:

  • Common and preferred stock;

  • Interests in a limited partnership or joint ventures; Securities that carry the right to be traded for equity securities, such as convertible bonds, rights and warrants; and

  • Put and call options on equity securities.

EXCHANGE

Any organization, association or group of persons that maintains or provides a marketplace in which securities can be bought and sold. An exchange does not have to be a physical place, and several strictly electronic exchanges do business around the world.

EXCHANGE-LISTED SECURITY

A security that has met certain requirements and has been admitted to full trading privileges on an exchange. The NYSE, and regional exchange set listing requirements for volume of shares, outstanding corporate earnings and other characteristics. Exchange-listed securities can be traded in the third market, the market for institutional investors.

EXCHANGE MARKET

All of the exchange on which listed securities are traded.